Tuesday, February 28, 2012

Bats


Recently I read an article in the Time magazine which said that about 5.7 million  to 6.7 million bats are estimated to have died since 2006 from white nose fungus, and this could spell disaster, not just for the animals, but for humans as well.

What is worrisome is the potential loss of a critical part of the ecosystem. A female bat of reproductive age can consume her weight in insects each night and that amounts to millions of pounds of insects each year.  If the bats are wiped out, insect populations could explode, including pests that can decimate food and agriculture yields and infest forests too.
The tree next to our house is a great abode for the bats. Its peculiar in the sense that they start appearing when its dusk and there is a flurry of activity. I always wonder where they disappear during the day time as they are not seen “sleeping” on the same tree.

I tried to click some pictures, but as I had to rely on my flash it was a trial and error method . The pictures that you see here is the result of sifting through about 50 odd pictures. Most of them were either blurred or the bat was out of frame.


 I think these are the Fruit Bats as I see them eating something from these trees. I think these are Megabats.

Microbats and Megabats  are different in many ways. Megabats have large eyes and often dog-like faces; microbats have small eyes and often have elaborate facial structures. 

Microbats use echolocation to detect their prey while megabats rely on smell and vision to find food. Megabats feed almost exclusively on fruit and flowers, while microbats have more varied tastes, eating insects, fruit, pollen, nectar, fish, frogs, other bats and blood.

That brings us to the topic of the “Vampire Bats”
The famous Dracula novel by Bram Stoker has given bats a poor press - here are some facts about vampire bats to give the full picture.
·        Vampire bats don’t live in Transylvania; out of the 1,100 species there are only three species of the “vampire bats” and they all live in Central and South America.
·        Vampire bats rarely feed on human blood; they much prefer the blood of cattle, horses, pigs and birds.
·        A vampire bat doesn’t actually ‘suck’ blood, it makes a graze on its host’s skin to encourage a flow of blood and then laps this up with its tongue. 
·        Vampire bats are small. The commonest is only 7cm to 9cm long and takes approximately a tablespoon of blood each night.
·        They are caring towards members of their colony; apart from behaviour such as mutual grooming, they will even take care of others who are unable to feed by regurgitating the blood they have collected! 
·        Stroke victims may soon benefit from studies of a clot-dissolving substance in the vampires’ saliva.  

There are more than 1,100 species of bats worldwide, making up around one-fifth of all mammals. New bat species are still being discovered but relatively little is known about many of these incredible animals. Few people realise what an essential part they play in the natural world.
Bats can be as large as a small dog or as small as a bee. The largest bats are the flying foxes with wingspans of up to 2 metres and a body weight of 1.5 kilograms. At the other end of the scale is the bumblebee bat, weighing only 2 grams – the world’s smallest mammal.
While clicking these pictures I observed some of their habits. They squabble and fight and when they do that they produce some sort of a shrieking sound. But what they actually mean must be “don’t come here, this is my territory”
The younger ones flit around faster (making it difficult to photograph them)
Notice the way their claws are designed making it very easy for them to hang on a branch.

One more thing that I noticed (accidentally)
I kept taking these pictures on a daily basis, and was waiting for a good shot of one of them with their limbs fully stretched coming in for the landing. After a gap of three days I was ready with my camera, but surprisingly not a single one appeared at dusk.  It cannot be that they decided to boycott the paparazzi. It could be that the flowers on this tree has stopped emitting the fragrance and they must have moved over to better pastures.
Funny that we never notice such minor things though it happens right under our nose.
Every time I write a new post  I find myself enlightened a little bit about nature.
And talking about flowers blooming, and emitting fragrance, our Vanilla creeper is flowering again, which means I will have to again do the artificial pollination like I did last year.  

18 comments:

  1. Great pictures and a great post! Thank you.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Never knew so much about bats!

    ReplyDelete
  3. Very interesting post and great pictures, Joe. I never realized how many kinds of bats there are.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Those are great looking bats, and I really appreciate their role in the ecosystem, especially when it comes to mosquitoes. My sister in law did contract rabies from a bat though. It's a rare thing, but it does happen.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes I read about that. Dogs are the carrieriers of Rabies after they come in contact with the saliva of infected Bats

      Delete
  5. Such an interesting and informative post. I am glad am back to blogging :)
    Never knew bats played such an important role...Hope you give us more of such informative posts.

    ReplyDelete
  6. This must have been perhaps the most difficult post for me to read because of my phobia of bats. I really appreciate their role in the ecosystem, just keep them out of my sight :)
    Very nice post... interesting and informative. I can't comment on the pictures because I could not look at them. But I am sure they are very nice. Jokes apart, I Really appreciate the effort you have put in to capture these nocturnal creatures. Really commendable job.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Good that you finally went through them.

      Delete
  7. wow so much bat information :)

    this is the same for every species, if one becomes instinct the others will explode , but we humans dont seem to understand that ..


    Bikram's

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. ..I am not big fan of bats ..infact little scary thing to me..
      But its sad that its disappearing Cuz in nature everyone has its role ..and its balanced becuz of that!!

      Delete
  8. Your posts are often very much informative especially with the accompaniment of photographs..

    ReplyDelete
  9. I have to admit that I've never read that much on bats, however, this was quite interesting and informative. It's worrying to thing how it could affect our eco system if bats were to die out... Thanks for our comment on my blog, I appreciate it. Have a good evening xo

    ReplyDelete
  10. This was a very interesting read after I got over my initial hesitation;-D. Thanks!!!!

    ReplyDelete
  11. Replies
    1. Hey, let me see if I can do something about it, though I doubt if I will get through this tagging thing.

      Delete
  12. Very interesting information on bats. I think I have only seen only one or two bats in my whole life. You have taken a lot of trouble to get some photos of bats. Lovely shots.

    This is a very informative post for me.

    Have a lovely day,
    Joseph

    ReplyDelete
  13. I would have hesitated taking pictures of bats. But your pictures and the text were informative.

    ReplyDelete
  14. These are amazing creatures! I saw a lot of Flying Foxes in the Seychelles but didn't manage to get any shots, they were always too far or flying around.

    ReplyDelete